most commonly affects the second toe
on the foot. It causes the middle joint to bend. Hammertoe is most frequently caused by structural problems in the toe
or from wearing poor fitting shoes. It is important to diagnose and treat hammertoe early because the condition tends to become worse over time. If left untreated, hammertoe can require surgery.
usually affects the second toe
. However, it may also affect the other toes. The toe
moves into a claw-like position. The most common cause of hammer toe
is wearing short, narrow shoes that are too tight. The toe
is forced into a bent position. Muscles and tendons in the toe
tighten and become shorter. Hammer toe
is more likely to occur in women hammertoes
who wear shoes that do not fit well or have high heels and children who keep wearing shoes they have outgrown. The condition may be present at birth (congenital) or develop over time. In rare cases, all of the toes are affected. This may be caused by a problem with the nerves or spinal cord.
is often distinguished by a toe
stuck in an upside-down ?V? position, and common symptoms include corns on the top of your toe
joint. Pain at the top of a bent toe
when you put on your shoes. Pain when moving a toe
joint. Pain on the ball of your foot under the bent toe
. Corns developing on the top of the toe
joint. It is advisable to seek medical advice if your feet hurt on a regular basis. It is imperative to act fast and seek the care of a podiatrist or foot surgeon. By acting quickly, you can prevent your problem from getting worse.
Most health care professionals can diagnose hammertoe simply by examining your toes and feet. X-rays of the feet are not needed to diagnose hammertoe, but they may be useful to look for signs of some types of arthritis (such as rheumatoid arthritis) or other disorders that can cause hammertoe.
Non Surgical Treatment
Changing the type of footwear worn is a very important step in the treatment of hammer toes. When choosing a shoe, make sure the toe
area) is high and broad, and can accommodate the hammer toes. A shoe with a high, broad toe
box will provide enough room in the forefoot area so that there is less friction against the toes. Other conservative treatments include using forefoot products designed to relieve hammer toes, such as hammer toe
crests and hammer toe
splints. These devices will help hold down the hammer toe
and provide relief to the forefoot. Gel toe
shields and gel toe
caps are also recommended to eliminate friction between the shoe and the toe
, while providing comfort and lubrication.
In advanced cases in which the toe
has become stiff and permanently bent, the toe
can be straightened with surgery. One type of surgery involves removing a small section of the toe
bone to allow the toe
to lie flat
. Surgery for hammertoe usually is classified as a cosmetic procedure. Cosmetic foot surgeries sometimes cause complications such as pain or numbness, so it?s better to treat the problem with a shoe that fits properly.
Some tips on how to avoid getting hammertoes when wearing high heels has to do with the shoes that you choose and what you do to your feet after you wear the high heels. A closed toe
shoe like a stiletto pump is going to put more pressure on the front of the foot, forcing the toes to contract in and start forming the hammertoes. Women who start having hammertoes usually complain about pain in their feet when they wear the closed shoe, usually in the winter season, and when in the warmer weather and they wear the open-toed shoes, there?s much less pressure on the front of the foot and they experience much less pain.